Henri (1955 -) – Present day descendant of Guillaume via child of Armand and Cecilie,
born in South Carolina in 1756. Family custodian of Guillaume’s journal.
BREAU, Ismael – habitant of Grand Pré.
CORMIER, Jean – habitant of Annapolis Royal.
DENIS, BIG ALBERT (ca. 1735) – captain of the fishing boat Emmeline that took Guillaume to Boston
RICHARD, Bernie – mate aboard the Emmeline
DESJARDINS, Simon – manager for the Compagnie du L’ Acadie in New France, later became the Bancouers’ partner in trade.
DUCHESNE, Cecilie (b. 1734) – second wife of Armand Bancouer.
ETRETAT, Modeste – husband of Aimeé Bancouer (m. 1732) and stepfather of Robert.
FLYING SQUIRREL (d. 1704) – disgruntled suitor of Song Sparrow.
HÉBERT, Ambrose – captain of the Fleur de Lis.
Aboard the Fleur de Lis:
Adam, the purser
James, the mate
Michel, the navigator
LE BRUN, Pitre – recruiter for the Compagnie du L’ Acadie
Pierre-Jaspar – captain in the French army, sailed aboard the Fleur de Lis
Jeanne-Louise (1719-1743) – daughter of Pierre-Jaspar, and first wife of Armand
RICHARD, Bernie – mate aboard the Emmeline
RISING HAWK (1665-1720) – Mi’kmaq chief and all of Simon Desjardin, father of Song Sparrow and Patient Moon, Guillaume’s first father-in-law, Jacques’ father-in-law, died in a raid on New England fishermen at Canso in 1720
WHITE HERON (b. 1660) – Rising Hawk’s wife, mother of Song Sparrow and Patient Moon
Benoit (1660-1730) – Jerusha’s father
Marie-Josephte (1665-1732) – Jerusha’s mother
Jerusha Ruisseau - Guillaume’s wife from 1704-1755
SMILING OTTER – clan shaman, friend of Rising Hawk
THERIOT, René – habitant of Grand Pré
BRITISH AND ENGLISH (OF NEW ENGLAND)
Sean (1723-1755) – Captain in the British army, came to Halifax in 1749 with Cornwallis; ancestor of Liam Butler.
Liam (1978- ) – Professor of History, Acadian history specialist. Descendant of Sean Butler’s son born out of wedlock.
Hugh (1732-?) – British officer, came to Halifax with Cornwallis in 1749, Liz Daiell’s ancestor.
Liz (1985-?) – Professor of Canadian studies, Acadian history specialist.
DANFORTH, James (1733-?) – came to Halifax with Cornwallis in 1749, friend of Hugh Daiell, his second in Hugh’s duel with Sean Butler.
JAMESON, Caleb – Boston merchant, friend of Samuel Watkins
JENKINS, Robyn (1705-1755) – British officer who came to Beaubassin with Ensign Wroth in 1727. Aimeé’s lover, father of Robert.
MASSÉ, Etienne (d. 1755) – Huguenot apothecary, friend of Hugh Daiell who comes to Nova Scotia with him and impersonates a priest to spy on the Acadians for the British.
Marie (b. 1695) – sister of Samuel and wife of Henri Bancouer
Samuel (b. 1693) – Boston merchant, business partner of Henri Bancouer. Marie’s brother.
WARREN, Zachariah – Boston merchant, friend of Sam Watkins
FRENCH AND ACADIAN
D’AULNAY, Charles de Menon (1604-1650) – contested with La Tour for control of Acadia.
BAPTISTE, see Pierre Maisonnat
BEAUSOLEIL, see Broussard
BOISHEBERT, Charles Deschamps de (1727-1797) – French officer at Grand Pré in 1747; fought in Nova Scotia after the expulsions to protect Acadians who escaped deportation; also fought on the ‘western frontier’, contested territory between New England and New France.
BONAVENTURE – lover of Loiuse Guyon, Madam Damours de Freneuse.
BROUSSARD, Joseph dit. Beausoleil – escaped deportation and led attacks against the British in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.
DES HERBIERS, Charles de La Raliere (1700-1752) - Governor of Louisbourg from 1749 to 1751.
DURAND, Justinien (n.d.) – Pastor of Port Royal/Annapolis Royal from 1704 to 1720.
DUVIVIER, Joseph Du Pont (1707-1760) – led attacks on Canso and Annapolis Royal in 1744, fought in the Seven Years’ (French and Indian) Wars.
FIEDMONT, Louis-Thomas (Jacau) sieur de 1720-?) – engineer at Fort Beausejour.
FRENEUSE, Madam Damours de (Louise Guyon) (1668-?) – lover of Bonaventure, mother of his illegitimate son.
GAUDET, Abraham – Habitant of Missaguesche who led an attack on the English in 1711 near Beaubassin. Fled to Canada, returned in 1713.
GERMAIN, Charles (n.d.) – Pastor of Beaubassin 1745-1748, helped burn the village in 1750.
GIRARD (n.d.) – Paster of Cobequid, 1743-1750.
GUYON, Louise – see Freneuse
HERTEL, Jean-Baptiste, sieur de Rouville (1668-1722) – led the raid on Deerfield, Massachusetts in 1704 to capture Reverend John Williams.
LA CORNE, Louis (1703-1761) – second in command of French troops at Grand Pré in 1747.
LA TOUR, Charles (1559-1665) – see d’ Aulnay
LE LOUTRE, Jean Louis (1709-1772) – Jesuit priest who supported the French cause against the British in Nova Scotia; captured and imprisoned three times by the British for agitating against them; burned Beaubassin in 1750 to chase the habitants across the Missaguash River onto French territory; threatened any Acadian who kept to the British oath of allegiance with excommunication, and torture and death at the hands of his Indian converts; believed to have been the architect of Edward How’s death.
MAISONNAT, Pierre, aka “Baptiste” (1663-1714) – French privateer captured by the British in 1702 and released in 1706 in exchange for the Rev. John Williams.
MAUDOUX, Abel (n.d.) – Pastor of Port Royal from 1694 to1702
PAIN, Felix (n.d.) – Pastor at Port Royal from 1701 to 1710 and at Beaubassin from 1710 to 1713, and from 1715 to 1724.
PICHON, Thomas (1700-1781) – secretary of de Vergor and Le Loutre at Beausejour; called the “spy of Beausejour”.
Philippe de Rigaud, Marquis de (1643-1725) served as Governor of New France (Canada and French Louisiana) from 1703 to 1725
Pierre Francois de Rigaud, Marquis de (1698-1778) served as Governor of French Louisiana 1743 to 1753, and of New France from 1755 to 1760, when Canada was ceded to Britain.
VERGOR, Louis du Port Chambon, sieur de (1713-1775) - commander of Fort Beausejour in 1755 when it fell to the British; later involved in the fall of Quebec.
VILLIERS, Nicholas Antoine Coulon de (1708-1750) – in charge of the attack on Grand Pré to reclaim it from the British, where he was seriously wounded.
GOVERNORS OF ACADIA
BROUILLAN, Joseph de (1651-1705) served from 1700 to 1705
SUBERCASE, Daniel d’Auger de (1662-1732) served from 1706 to 1710 when Acadia fell to the British.
VILLEBON, Joseph Robineau, Chevalier de (1655-1700) served from 1690 to 1700.
BRITISH/ENGLISH (NEW ENGLAND)
ADAMS, John – New England trader in Acadia
ALDEN, John – New England trader in Acadia
BLIN, James – New England merchant with business in Acadia
BRADDOCK, Edward, Major General (1695-1755) – came to North America in 1755 as commander of British forces with orders to take Fort Duquesne, Fort Niagara and Fort Necessity from the French. On his way to Virginia he met with Governors Shirley of Massachusetts and Lawrence of Nova Scotia who told him about the Acadians and how they could be armed by the French to attack the British from the rear unless they were deported. Braddock agreed and approved it, adding it to his agenda against the French. It was the only one of his initiatives that succeeded. Braddock was wounded in the Battle of Fort Necessity (where George Washington served as one of his aides) and he died a few days later, on July 13, 1755. Word of his death flew to Boston and Halifax, arriving when Lawrence was to meet with the Acadian Delegates. Braddock’s death hardened the resolve of both Governors, Shirley and Lawrence to carry out the expulsions.
CHURCH, Benjamin (1639-1718) – militia leader from New England who attacked Acadian settlements as retribution for French and Indian raids carried out in New England. Vescaque (Westcock) was one of the villages he destroyed in 1704 as retribution for the Deerfield massacre. Promoted scalp bounties.
FANEUIL, Peter (1700-1743) – wealthy Boston tracer active in Nova Scotia; gave Fanwuil Hall to Boston in 1742.
FANEUIL, Benjamin – Peter’s brother.
GORHAM, John (1709-1751) – his father organized, and he carried on, Gorham’s Rangers to fight the French and their Indian allies. The Gorhams hailed from West Barnstable, Massachusetts and recruited men from Cape Cod to fight in Acadia.
HANDFIELD, John (1700-1763) – married an Acadian woman, Elizabeth Winniet (b. 1713). He was officer in charge of the deportations from Annapolis Royal in 1755.
HAYES, Captain John (n.d.) – Boton Harbor lighthouse keeper and pilot, 1735.
HOW, Edward (1702-1754) – New England trader and soldier, trusted by all sides; wounded at Grand Pré in 1747; died outside Fort Lawrence in October 1754 in an ambush reputedly set by the Jesuit Le Loutre.
MATHER, Reverend Cotton (1663-1728) – one of several Boston Protestant ministers who preached destruction against the Catholic Acadians of Nova Scotia.
MONCKTON, Robert (1726-1782) – Lt. Colonel of British regulars. In charge of the capture of Fort Beausejour in 1755. He was Lt. Colonel John Winslow’s superior officer, as Winslow was a colonel of the colonial miltia. Monckton was in charge of the Acadians at Chignecto and of their deportation in 1755.
NOBLE, Arthur, Col. (d. 1747) – led the British against the French attack at Grand Pré in 1747, and was killed there.
WILLIAMS, Reverend John (1637-1718) – the Deerfield massacre was carried out to capture the Rev. Williams and his family to provide prisoners to exchange for Baptiste, who was held in Boston and under threat of being hanged as a common criminal.
WINSLOW, John (1703-1774) – Lt. Colonel of Massachusetts. Raised 2000 men in 1755 to go to Nova Scotia to help the British take Fort Beausejour. Governor Lawrence kept the militia on after the fort was taken and used them to carry out his plan to send the Acadians to exile. Winslow was in charge of the deportations from Grand Pré.
WROTH, Ensign (n.d.) – led the 1727 expedition to have the Acadians sign the new oath of allegiance to Britain when George II became king.
GOVERNORS OF MASSACHUSETTS (selected names)
DUDLEY, Joseph (1647 – 1720) served from 1702 to 1715
DUMMER, William (1677-1761) served from 1723 to 1728 and 1729 to 1730
SHIRLEY, William (1694-1771) served from 1741 to 1749 and 1753 to 1756
GOVERNORS OF NOVA SCOTIA (selected names)
PHILIPS, Colonel Richard (1661-1750) served from 1715 to 1739
MASCARENE*, Paul (1684-1760) served from 1740 to 1749
CORNWALLIS, Edward (1713-1776) served from 1749 to 1752
HOPSON, Peregrine Thomas (d. 1759) served from 1752 to 1754
Also served as Governor of Louisbourg from 1746 to 1749
LAWRENCE*, Charles (1709-1760) served from 1755 to 1760
also served as Lieutenant Governor before being made Governor
LT. GOVERNORS OF NOVA SCOTIA (selected names)
DOUCETT, John (n.d.) served from 1717 to 1725
ARMSTRONG, Lawrence (1664-1739) served from 1725 to 1739
COSBY, Alexander (1685-1742) served from 1739 to 1740